International Journal of Management and Education in Human Development 2024-04-29T18:37:17+07:00 Sanihu Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal of Management and Education in Human Development (IJMEHD) is a journal that contains the results of management science and education of human development research published by the International Association of Management and Human Resources Development (IAMHRD) every three months a year.</p> The Role of Tax Incentives in Supporting a Green Economy in Micro, Small, And Medium Enterprises in Kendari City 2024-04-25T12:10:58+07:00 Imran Imran Mariani Mariani Ghalib Suprianto Ifin Naim Suyuti Suyuti <p style="margin: 0cm; text-align: justify;"><em><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">The effects of decreasing natural carrying capacity and increasingly losing biodiversity systems encourage us to think about policy concepts that are not only oriented toward output growth but also about the sustainability of increasingly limited natural resources. One relevant concept is providing incentives to MSMEs as a driver for implementing a green economy by utilizing resources sustainably and minimizing pollution and other environmental impacts. As one of the most significant contributors to GDP, MSMEs must transform by introducing green management processes in business activities. The existence of tax incentives is intended to encourage MSMEs to support the green economy with indicators of green attitude, green strategy, green governance, green monitoring, and green modeling. Based on this, this research aims to describe the perceptions of MSME business actors towards tax incentives and analyze the relationship between tax incentives and green economy indicator variables. This research uses a sign test to see whether there are fundamental differences without paying attention to these differences and Spearman rho to test the relationship between variables. Based on the results of the sign test show that only the green strategy has no effect, even though there are tax incentives with a value of 0.05 &lt; 0.8282. In other words, if there is no difference between before and after the existence of tax incentives, the probability of getting at most 6 out of 10 respondents who report no role of tax incentives is 82 percent. Meanwhile, other indicators show the role of incentives in supporting the implementation of a green economy. Meanwhile, the Spearman Rho results show that the green strategy and green modeling indicators have no or weak relationship with tax incentives.</span></em></p> 2024-04-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Association of Management and Human Resource Development Standardization Framework of Security Training Centers Towards Stability 2024-04-25T12:15:05+07:00 Mary Grace Guibone Batac Neil C. Bermudez <p style="margin: 0cm; text-align: justify; text-indent: 1.0cm;"><em><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">This study delved into the standardization of security training centers in the Philippines. A survey among the owners and managers of security training centers, security guards, and police regulators <span class="markunderline100030427h0">was conducted</span>. The assessed indicators were training objectives, training contents and design, training instructors, transfer of knowledge and skills in re-training, learning concepts, training features, learning motivation, learning objectives, learning view, and learning engagement in pre-licensing. A high standard <span class="markunderline1001906153h0">was assessed</span> on the two variables. Profiles as moderating factors in the assessment did not yield significant differences. The standardization yielded a positive return on equity and return on assets to the security training centers.</span></em></p> 2024-04-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Association of Management and Human Resource Development A Cross Sectional Study on the Employment of Senior Citizens: A Literature Review on Prospects and Challenges 2024-04-25T12:19:15+07:00 abner ty ty Emiliano T. Hudtohan <p><em>The employment of senior citizens presupposes the existence and maintenance of quality elderly life and successful aging wherever it is provided by concerned states, governments, and cause-oriented advocacies. Brazil and a number of European Union countries, even parts of Asia and African countries, including Russia, lead an array of models that identify and establish the impact of a number of moderating variables in post-retirement employment such as age and elderly-friendly cities, concepts, and predictors of issues, such as successful active aging, post-retirement work intentions, the impact of health and health care status, early retirement, the reconfiguration of work and the family. The models directly advocate the employment quality of senior citizens, pension fairness, longevity gaps, and effect on public finance, even the participation of senior citizens in policy-making, and similar other mediating variables. The theory of self-determination and work motivation is a strong phenomenological determinant of employment outcomes. Using a cross-sectional study, the research identifies a mix of cultural, socio-economic, and political issues and drivers that may seal the fate of senior citizens’ post-retirement welfare status. The study hypothesizes and ultimately explores that the government, the business sector, and civil society strongly mediate the successful trajectory of senior citizen welfare processes. </em></p> 2024-04-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Association of Management and Human Resource Development Exploring Factors Affecting the Use of Digital Platforms by participants of Instagram Marketing Incentive Workshop 2024-04-25T12:35:15+07:00 jegathiswary a/P Murukan Has Syalihah Binti Mohamad Irani Wan ‘Afifah Binti Wan Abdullah <p><em>The COVID-19 pandemic speeds up the digital transformation in aspects such as the economy, education, business, economy, and society. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, entrepreneurs are much affected in physically handling business. Therefore, digital entrepreneurship has been the alternate way for entrepreneurs to conduct business. Based on previous literature, the role of digital platforms is more significant to micro and small enterprises due to limited resources, the size of the firm, and their financial capabilities. This research focused on exploring factors affecting the use of digital platforms in terms of skills in using the internet, motivation for using the internet to enhance business, and sources of information obtained from the internet that are used for business purposes. 25 Instagram Marketing Incentive Workshop participants were chosen as respondents for this study. A questionnaire is used as an instrument, and data analysis mainly emphasizes mean and standard deviation. The outcome from the data analysis shows that respondents have moderate skills in using the internet. Besides that, using the internet for business purposes motivates more people to engage in business. Finally, using the internet helps them to get business-related information moderately. The recommendation and limitations stated for future researchers in terms of key success factors for entrepreneurs sustain in the market by using digital platforms to conduct business</em></p> 2024-04-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Association of Management and Human Resource Development The Social Entrepreneur as an Antifragile Agent in the Era of New Normal 2024-04-25T12:37:32+07:00 Emiliano T. Hudtohan <p><em>The social entrepreneur of Dyck and Neubert is seen from Geil Browning’s Theory of Emergenetics that says we are a product of nature (DNA) and nurture (external influence of family, school, society, government, business and religious beliefs).&nbsp; In more vivid details, the Agency Theory of Priestly, Biesta and Robinson enumerates three key dimensions of being an agent who effectively interacts with his/her environment. These three dimensions are 1. Performance-Evaluative, 2. Iterative and 3. Projective.&nbsp; This paper presents the concept of Antifragility of Nassim Taleb as framework for the peak performance of an Agent. The social entrepreneur is presented from Dyck and Neubert’s multistream perspective, primarily describing him as concerned with the wellbeing of the customers.&nbsp; Carl Balita’s 12 Days of Entrepreneurs provides a capsulized summary on being an entrepreneur and Larry Gamboa’s Business Model Canvas is a valuable basic guide for entrepreneurial start-up. The World Economic Forum gives a macro vision for social entrepreneurs to pursue 1. creativity and innovation, 2. global and local citizenship, 3. digital technology and 4. interpersonal and intrapersonal relationship as key activities in a post-COVID 19 New Normal environment.</em> <em>The Era of the New Normal is happening at the tail end of the Great Period of Change which started in 1987 and ends in 2023.&nbsp; An Antifragile Social Entrepreneur in the Era of New Normal is a person who takes an active role (Agent) to pursue her/his vision and mission in serving her/his internal and external stakeholders, and she/he does not merely withstand shocks of business challenges, but actually gains improvement because of them when facing these challenges (Antifragile). </em></p> 2024-04-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Association of Management and Human Resource Development Quality Management Practices Framework in Selected Water Refilling Station in Pampanga Towards Stainability of Business Operation 2024-04-29T18:29:52+07:00 Cherrylyn Aure-Albayalde Neil Bermudez <p><em>The study was conducted to determine the quality management practices in selected water refilling station in Pampanga in terms leadership, customer focus, workforce focus, and service management; and sustainability practices relative to environmental safety, return of assets, and return of equity. The researcher employed descriptive research method. The research referred to an open-access and validated tools from Quality Management in Organizations by D’Souza and Sequeira (2011) with variables comparing quality management practices; and researcher-made questionnaire on the sustainability practices culled from related literature </em><em>The respondents are the employees of Aqua Sparkletts Water Refilling Station. </em><em>Total enumeration sampling method was applied in the selection of the respondents</em><em> The assessment of the employee-respondents were computed and quantified using the mean. Further, the tests of significant difference in the given answers by the respondents were done through the use of the T-test and ANOVA.</em> <em>Findings indicate that quality management practices were practiced to a very high extent by the company. Demographic profile variables of the respondents do not moderate the quality management practices which resulted to the acceptance of the hypotheses. Sustainability of the water refilling station in terms of environmental safety, return on assets and equity are assessed to a very high extent which affect the quality management practices. Recommendations and quality management framework for sustainability of water refilling station were offered.</em></p> 2024-04-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Association of Management and Human Resource Development Research on the Buying Behavior affect Short Video Marketing to Gen Z Consumers in the Fashion Industry of Guangdong China 2024-04-29T18:32:17+07:00 Hao wan <p><em>In recent years, with the proliferation of mobile smart devices and the development of 5G technology, people's entertainment consumption habits have grown more diversified and quicker, and they are more receptive to fragmented and low-threshold communication formats. This gives rise to short videos.&nbsp; Based on the high-density and high-efficiency information distribution benefits of Internet technology, short videos provide sufficient creative marketing area for brands and businesses. Numerous companies and businesses spend much in short films due to their high visitor volume. It has had a significant influence, and short films have become an essential marketing and competitive tool for large brands and businesses.&nbsp; This study combines electronic word-of-mouth, KOL endorsement, content quality, and brand awareness with the mediating function of perceived value to investigate the link between short-form video marketing and consumer purchasing behavior. This study focuses on short video marketing, which extends the empirical explanations of current consumer purchasing behavior theories and has definite reference relevance for short video marketing of linked brands or businesses. </em><em>Short video marketing has a significant relationship to brand awareness. The results demonstrate that brand awareness affects short video marketing positively.&nbsp; Short video marketing has a significant relationship to consumer perceived value.&nbsp; It is shown that consumer perceived value affects short video marketing positively.&nbsp; Ultimately, the results show that brand awareness has a significant relationship to consumer perceived value.</em></p> 2024-04-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Association of Management and Human Resource Development Legal Analysis of Ruling Number: 44/Pid.Sus/-TPK/2021/PN KDI Regarding the Approval of Work Plans and Cost Budget (RKAB) In the Case Criminal Acts of Corruption 2024-04-29T18:37:17+07:00 La Saniati M. Yusuf Hijriani Hijriani <p><em>This research aims 1) To examine and analyze the legal position of Approval of Work Plans and Budgets (RKAB) for Mining Business License Holders. 2) To review and analyze legal considerations regarding judex factie decisions in Corruption Crime cases, Approval of Work Plans and Budgets (RKAB) in accordance with legal certainty. </em><em>The type of research used in this thesis is normative using a doctrinal approach. The legal materials used are secondary legal materials obtained through literature studies, indictments, demands, defenses of legal advisors, and court decisions which have permanent legal force, as well as statutory legal materials, analyzed qualitatively using relevant theories.</em></p> <p><em>The research results show that: 1) The legal status of Approval of Work Plans and Budgets (RKAB) for mining business permit holders is based on decision Number: 44/Pid.Sus-TPK/2021/PN.Kdi, based on the legal facts that have been described in the trial has legal standing and has the authority to sign the RKAB approval based on Article 19 of Southeast Sulawesi Governor Regulation Number 33 of 2015, 2) Legal consideration of judex factie decisions in corruption cases. Approval of the Work Plan and Budget (RKAB) in the Kendari District Court Number: 44/Pid.Sus-TPK/2021/PN.Kdi whose decision acquits the Defendant from all the charges of the Public Prosecutor which is confirmed by the decision of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia Number: 4002 K/Pid.Sus/2022, based on evidence, statements witnesses, expert statements provided by the Defendant through his Legal Advisor, as well as based on legal considerations and facts that are legally relevant.</em></p> 2024-04-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Association of Management and Human Resource Development Application of Digital Marketing to Customer Service In MSU Medical Center Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 2024-04-29T17:46:17+07:00 Ghalib Suprianto Ridha Taurisma Lajaria Imran Imran Ifin Naim Mariani Mariani Sri Wiyati Mahrani Zunirah Abd. Talib Mohammed A.M. Alhoot Emiliano T. Hudtohan Fifita Sari Muhammad Alif Cahyadi <p><em>The aim is to help provide an understanding of the application of digital marketing to customer service. Meanwhile, the benefit of international community service is that employees, medics and paramedics at MSU Medical Center Kuala Lumpur Malaysia are able to implement the digital marketing on the services provided to patients who come to MSU Medical Center, supported by very sophisticated robotic technology equipment and very good service from medical staff, employees and students. The method used in this community service activity, consists of five stages, namely: Observation, Sociological empirical approach, Coordination and arranging activities to be carried out, Carrying out activities, Evaluation. After carrying out community service activities with the theme Digital marketing to improve service quality In MSU Medical Center Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, it can be concluded that: Participants have been able to understand the concept of Digital marketing to improve the quality of service In MSU Medical Center Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, an outline of strategies and policies that can be applied in developing and implementing the concept of Digital marketing to improve the quality of service In MSU Medical Center Kuala Lumpur Malaysia in improving service to patients. Participants have also been able to understand the mechanism for implementing Digital marketing to improve service quality In MSU Medical Center Kuala Lumpur Malaysia. Participants can understand the important role of Digital marketing to improve service quality In MSU Medical Center Kuala Lumpur Malaysia. It is hoped that the Management of the MSU Medical Center will pay attention to employees, doctors and paramedics, especially in terms of carrying out activities related to increasing understanding of Digital marketing to improve service quality In MSU Medical Center Kuala Lumpur Malaysia in the era of increasingly rapid development of information technology. Through the Community Service program, it is hoped that we can provide good quality service to patients by implementing Digital marketing to improve service quality In MSU Medical Center Kuala Lumpur Malaysia to support improving the image of MSU Medical Center Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.</em></p> 2024-04-26T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Association of Management and Human Resource Development